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Vol: XII  –  Issue: VIII  –  August 2013


Quickscribe Online 2.0 Planned for Early 2014
For several months, Quickscribe has been developing a new version of your Quickscribe Online platform. The new version is being designed to facilitate the flow and exchange of ideas and legislative content between your colleagues, other user groups within the Quickscribe community and even non-Quickscribe clients.

“This project is unlike anything we have ever tackled before and from what we can tell, unlike anything else being offered to legal professionals. Our goal is to create an environment where various stakeholders are given the opportunity to contribute their expertise and to encourage discussion on these contributions within the context of the legislative database. Those who opt not to participate in the discussions can still share relevant content and create private annotations throughout the legislation. We are very excited about this initiative and will provide more details as the launch date draws near.”
– Mike Pasta, CEO
The initial feedback we have received from key users suggests that we are on the right track; however, if you would like to have a say in how this new version will look and function, please feel free to submit your ideas and thoughts to info@quicskcribe.bc.ca. All comments are welcome!

Passwords Now Case-sensitive
Security enhancements are a significant developmental component of the new platform. As part of this process, all passwords are now case-sensitive. This will only apply to those who have requested being set up with a password and not those who automatically access the site via an IP pass-through. Please use the passwords as were originally provided to you when setting up the account. Feel free to contact our office if you have any questions or if you would like us to resend or reset your password.

Fall Session?
At the time of this release no decision has been made as to whether or not there will be a fall sitting at the BC legislature. A decision is expected to be made within the next few weeks.

Tip: Log in to Quickscribe Online prior to clicking Reporter links.

FEDERAL LEGISLATION — For notification of federal amendments, we recommend you use our RSS feed.

[ Previous Reporters ]



Company and Finance News:

Canadian Securities Regulators Provide Update on Transition
to New National Systems Service Provider

The Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) [recently] provide[d] additional information on the transition process to the new CSA National Systems service provider, CGI Information Systems and Management Consultants Inc. (CGI). On October 12, 2013, CGI will assume responsibility for the hosting, operation and maintenance of the System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval (SEDAR), the System for Electronic Disclosure by Insiders (SEDI) and the National Registration Database (NRD) (collectively, the “CSA National Systems”). The implementation cutover will occur over the weekend of October 12, during which time the systems will not be available to market participants. More details will be provided as the October date approaches. From October 12, 2013, the CSA Service Desk will provide a single point of contact for all CSA National Systems, user and system fees billing related enquiries and issues. For continuity purposes, the contact information for the CSA Service Desk will remain the same (telephone number 1-800-219-5381; fax number 1-866-729-8011). The CSA Service Desk will provide service in both English and French. Enquiries of a regulatory nature should continue to be directed to the appropriate regulatory authority. Read full news release posted by the BCSC. 

Swiss Bank Breached BC Securities Laws, Commission Alleges
The BC Securities Commission’s executive director has issued a temporary order and notice of hearing alleging that a Swiss private bank breached securities laws by engaging in trading and advising in securities BC without being registered in the province. The notice alleges Bank Gutenberg (formerly CAT Brokerage AG), a Swiss private bank and investment dealer offering offshore brokerage services, carried out trades and provided securities advice on behalf of at least two BC residents without being registered to do so. Furthermore, BCSC staff allege the bank offered its services through its website without prominently posting a disclaimer that expressly identifies the foreign jurisdictions in which the offering is qualified to be made, and failed to take reasonable precautions not to sell to BC residents. Read the full Vancouver Sun article

National Instrument Amendments
41-101 – Adoption of amendments to National Instrument 41-101 General Prospectus Requirements, National Instrument 44-101 Short Form Prospectus Distributions, National Instrument 44-102 Shelf Distributions and National Instrument 44-103 Post-Receipt Pricing and Changes to its Companion Policies, National Policy 41-201 Income Trusts and Other Indirect Offerings and National Policy 47-201 Trading Securities Using the Internet and Other Electronic Means.

New Consumer Tax Bulletins
A number of consumer tax bulletins and notices were released in August. These bulletins affect the following:

  • Off-Road Vehicle (ORV) Owners
  • Logging Industry
  • Tobacco Wholesale Dealers
  • Tobacco Retail Dealers
  • PST Exemptions and Documentation Requirements
  • PST Refunds
  • Multijurisdictional Vehicles
  • Grocery and Drug Stores
  • Photographers, Videographers and Photofinishers
  • Mining Industry
Visit the Consumer Tax website for more details. 

TSX Venture Exchange Provides Notice of Lapse of the Temporary Relief Measures
and Policy Amendments Regarding Minimum Pricing and Capital Structure

On August 7, 2013, the TSX Venture Exchange (the “TSX Venture”): (i) provided notice that the Temporary Relief Measures for private placements first announced on August 17, 2012 (the “Relief Measures”) will lapse on August 31, 2013; (ii) provided advance notice that it intends to amend its policies with the goal of easing the burden imposed on Issuers regarding certain minimum pricing rules (other than the $0.05 minimum offering price for shares/units); and (iii) advised that, effective immediately, it has removed the existing 15% limit imposed on “Founder Shares” of Issuers listing on the TSX Venture. View the full article posted on the Davis LLP. 

Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
National Instrument 41-101: General Prospectus Requirements (59/2008) Aug. 13/13 by Reg 197/2013
National Instrument 44-101: Short Form Prospectus Distributions (370/2005) Aug. 13/13 by Reg 197/2013
National Instrument 44-102: Shelf Distributions (425/2000) Aug. 13/13 by Reg 197/2013
National Instrument 44-103: Post-Receipt Pricing (426/2000) Aug. 13/13 by Reg 197/2013
Securities Act Sept. 1/13 by 2010 Bill 6, c. 4, sections 55 and 57 only (in force by Reg 196/2013), Finance Statutes Amendment Act, 2010

Energy and Mines News:

BC Hydro Releases Revised Draft Integrated Resource Plan
for Consultation – Clean Energy Act

Bill Bennett, Minister of Energy and Mines and Minister responsible for Core Review, [recently] directed BC Hydro to release its draft Integrated Resource Plan (the IRP) to the public and carry out another round of public consultation with the public, stakeholders and First Nations. The draft IRP provides a 20-year outlook of how BC Hydro expects to reliably and cost-effectively meet the anticipated future electricity needs of the province through conservation and acquisition of sufficient generation and transmission resources. The Clean Energy Act (the Act), which was introduced in 2010, obligated BC Hydro to submit an IRP by December 2, 2011 or within 18 months of the Act coming into force. The BC government first extended the due date for the IRP in May 2011 to allow BC Hydro to incorporate findings from a government review. BC Hydro released an initial draft of the IRP for public consultation in May 2012. The BC government subsequently announced on November 2, 2012 that it would delay the submission of BC Hydro’s Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) to Cabinet until August 3, 2013 – three months after the provincial election – due to uncertainty of electricity requirements for prospective liquefied natural gas (LNG) projects in northern BC. View full article by Joshua Walters with McCarthy Tetrault. 

Harmac Begins Pumping Power into BC Hydro Electrical Grid
The Harmac pulp mill has begun feeding power from its new $45-million electrical generation plant to BC Hydro, creating a second major revenue source to the Nanaimo mill for the first time in its more than 50-year history. The project marks the final phase of the five-year initiative begun by Nanaimo Forest Products, Harmac's owners since 2008, to engage in major projects to upgrade the aging mill's systems and make its operations as green as possible. Since its takeover by NFP, a four-way partnership that includes Harmac workers and three private partners, the mill has seen investments of more than $100 million in capital projects through government grants and its own funding to improve efficiencies and reduce its carbon footprint. View the full article by Robert Barron, Daily News. 

Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
Mines Act Sept. 1/13 by 2011 Bill 19, c. 27, sections 11 and 12 only (in force by Reg 99/2013), Miscellaneous Statutes Amendment Act (No. 3), 2011
Permit Regulation (99/2013) NEW
Sept. 1/13
see Reg 99/2013

Family and Children News:

Provincial Court Releases Important Decision on Relocation, Interim
Guardianship, Needs of the Child Assessments – Family Law Act

Judge Dhillon of the Provincial Court has recently published her decision in T.C. v. S.C., an important and scholarly decision which, among other things, she addresses:

  • the relocation provisions of the new Family Law Act;
  • the circumstances when it is appropriate to make an interim guardianship appointment in the context of a relocation application; and,
  • the preferred content of needs of the child assessments, prepared pursuant to s. 211 of the Family Law Act.
To summarize the facts important to this discussion, the parties began to live together in 2006 and their child was born in 2007; a few months thereafter, the parties separated. The mother prepared a separation agreement which the parties signed two or three weeks later without legal advice, and which gave the mother sole guardianship of the child (and, I assume, sole custody) and gave unspecified access to the father. The father began to fall into arrears of child support in 2009 following his unemployment, and the mother started a court proceeding to enforce their agreement. The father replied with a claim for joint custody and joint guardianship and a defined schedule of access. The issues of access and child support were dealt with at family case conference in 2011. In the meantime, the mother became involved in a new relationship with a resident of Washington State. In November 2011, she let the father know that she intended to move to Seattle and in December 2011 she married. In 2012, the mother applied to vary the father's access to accommodate her plans to move to Washington with the child; the father objected and revived his claim for joint custody and joint guardianship. The matter was finally heard, by Judge Dhillon, in mid-2013, well after the coming-into-force of the Family Law Act on 18 March 2013, and this is where things get interesting. View the full article by John-Paul Boyd, posted on the Blog. 
Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
Social Workers Regulation (323/2008) Sept. 1/13 by Reg 287/2012
Forest and Environment News:

Consumer Tax Bulletin for Logging Industry
Bulletin PST 112, Logging Industry, is a new bulletin that provides information to help businesses in the logging industry understand how the PST applies to their businesses.

BC Sawmill Study Makes Surprise Finding on
Using Moisture to Prevent Deadly Explosions

Wet wood dust can explode just like dry wood dust: report
The smallest-sized wet wood dust is just as explosive as dry wood dust from BC Interior sawmills, according to a report prepared by FPInnovations for the provincial sawmill sector. The surprise finding – which raises questions about the usefulness of misting at sawmills – was part of a first-of-its-kind study in British Columbia ordered after a pair of deadly sawmill explosions in the province last year that killed four workers. “It was assumed moisture would be a bigger factor,” said Darrell Wong, one of the report’s authors. He is a manager of FPInnovations, the non-profit forestry research centre at the University of BC. But Wong said more study must be done before sawmills should consider jettisoning misting systems. Misting systems have a secondary function of knocking wood dust out of the air. View Vancouver Sun article

World Watching how BC Wrestles with how to Protect Drinking Water
As BC looks to update its century-old water laws, government sources and experts are looking outside the province for examples of how to move forward. Likewise, experts elsewhere are watching how BC plans to modernize its water laws for the 21st century. “There’s a real opportunity here for BC to go from being behind the rest of North America, to leapfrogging the pack and being a leader on this issue,” said Oliver Brandes, co-director of University of Victoria’s POLI Project on Ecological Governance. “Other people from elsewhere, experts in their fields who are dealing with it, they’re seeing BC and seeing the opportunity.” A Ministry of Environment spokesman said in an email that changes are expected next year, adding “There is much to be learned through a review of leading thought and practices in other jurisdictions as we develop the new Act.” Read full article in The Province. 

Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
Closed Areas Regulation (76/84) Aug. 9/13 by Reg 198/2013
Flathead Watershed Area Conservation Act Sept. 1/13 by 2011 Bill 19, c. 27, section 13 only (in force by Reg 99/2013), Miscellaneous Statutes Amendment Act (No. 3), 2011
Hunting Regulation (190/84) Aug. 9/13 by Reg 198/2013
Wildfire Act Commercial Activities Regulation (338/82) Aug. 9/13 by Reg 198/2013
Health News:

Health Authority Defends Lifting Water Restrictions after Fuel Spill
Lingering traces of jet fuel from a 35,000-litre spill do not justify maintaining water restrictions on Lemon Creek and the Slocan River in the West Kootenay region, a health official insisted Wednesday. Dr. Andrew Larder, senior medical health officer with the Interior Health Authority, said in an interview that he lifted the water restrictions based on daily water test results, a groundwater risk assessment by a hydro geologist, along with daily progress reports on the cleanup. The "do-not-use" restriction advised locals not to use the water for any purpose except flushing toilets. It indicates imminent risk that water will make people sick even if it's boiled. The health authority lifted all water restrictions on Lemon Creek and the Slocan River north of the Winlaw Bridge on August 9, meaning water is safe for consumption and recreation activities. "I knew there was fuel still on the river, but I was fully satisfied that the amounts were relatively small and localized in specific locations, particularly log jams and back eddies," Larder said. Read Vancouver Sun article

BC Man's Illegal Dental Practice Shut Down
The College of Dental Surgeons of BC is warning patients to get tested for potential exposure to serious blood-borne viruses after shutting down an illegal dental practice run by a man with no known training in dentistry. Health officials say Tung Sheng Wu – also known as David Wu – was practising dentistry illegally in the bedroom of his Burnaby, BC, home with dental equipment that may not have been cleaned or sterilized properly. "Because Mr. Wu was not a licensed dentist and because he was not following the infection control procedures expected of a licensed dentist, we believe there is sufficient risk of exposure to blood-borne viruses to recommend testing for all clients," said Michelle Murti, medical health officer for the Fraser Health Authority. The Fraser Health Authority is recommending Wu's patients be tested for hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Read CBC article

Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
There were no amendments this month.
Labour and Employment News:

BC’s New Limitation Act – What Employers Should Know
BC’s Limitation Act is the piece of legislation that sets out the amount of time that parties have to start court proceedings pursuing their claim. The time one has to sue is called a “limitation period”. The previous Limitation Act (the “Old Act”), provided for two, six and ten year limitation periods depending on the type of claim, with most employment related claims subject to the six year limitation period. On June 1, 2013, a new Limitation Act (the “New Act”) came into effect in British Columbia. Under this New Act, most employment related claims are now subject to a two year limitation period. The New Act’s limitation periods will apply to claims arising from acts or omissions that occur and are discovered on or after June 1, 2013. The Old Act’s limitation periods will apply to claims arising from acts or omissions that occurred and were discovered prior to June 1, 2013. So what does this mean for employers? It means that if you have employees who may have potential claims against you, you need to be aware of when those claims arise. If the employee’s claim arises on or after June 1, 2013, the employee generally has two years to sue you in relation to that claim. If the employee does not sue within two years, that employee may lose his or her claim. View the full article by Daniel Sorensen with Waterstone Law Group LLP. 

Worker Cannot Sue for Workplace Injury – Workers Compensation Act
Workers’ rights to sue over workplace accidents are severly restricted by workers compensation schemes across the country. Statutes like the Workers Compensation Act of BC provide workers with access to an insurance scheme that does not depend on finding fault or the ability of the employer to pay for a workplace injury, illness or death. But in exchange, workers cannot sue the employer or other workers. That has been described as the “historic trade-off” and the Supreme Court of Canada recently re-affirmed the principle. Read full article by Earl Phillips with McCarthy Tetrault. 

Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
Review of Old Permanent Disability Awards Regulation (177/2013) NEW
Aug. 1/13
see Reg 177/2013

Local Government News:

Fisheries Act Changes – Feedback Requested
UBCM is seeking feedback from councils and boards on the changes to the Fisheries Act resulting from Bill C-38. Member responses will be conveyed to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans in early September. If you have sent feedback, plan to make a submission to the federal government, or have questions, please contact Marie Crawford. Read more on UBCM website.

BC Municipalities to Voice Non-Negotiable Demand in Liquor Law Reforms
BC municipalities are happy to be at the table for the planned liquor law reforms, but are settling in for talks with one non-negotiable demand. Mary Sjostrom, president of the Union of BC Municipalities, said governments don’t want to lose any of their powers over liquor and alcohol policy, including the controls around zoning and licensing. “We just don’t want to lose what we have,” said Ms. Sjostrom, also the mayor of Quesnel. “We want to be at the table and be consulted as to what changes might be being considered.” She welcomed the broader consultation: “I think it’s a good shift.” The BC government is opening up its efforts to change outdated liquor laws by requesting feedback from key industry groups and stakeholders. The effort is being managed by MLA John Yap, the parliamentary secretary for liquor policy reform, whose review is to look at all aspects of liquor policy in BC, including licensing, control and distribution. Read the full Globe & Mail article

CEEP Local Government Findings Released
Community Energy and Emission Planning is a relatively recent activity by local governments in Canada, with most known plans having been initiated since 2008. The Community Energy Association (CEA) took the initiative to analyze and compare a significant proportion (30) of the Community Energy and Emissions Plans (CEEPs) that have been completed in Canada; using this information to better understand the critical attributes of these plans, and to inform policies and actions being contemplated by current and future CEEP processes and help ensure their successful implementation. A link to the report can be found here

Conflict of Interest Provisions in the Community Charter
The recent British Columbia Court of Appeal (BCCA) decision on conflict of interest in Schlenker v. Torgrimson has introduced a number of considerations for staff and elected officials when determining when elected officials may be in a conflict of interest contrary to provisions of the Community Charter. The Local Government Management Association and UBCM have collaborated with the provincial Ministry of Community, Sport & Cultural Development to review the BCCA decision and identify some key questions and practical steps to assist local government elected officials and staff when applying the implications of the decision to their individual circumstances. Please see the report on the LGMA-UBCM review of the BCCA decision on conflict of interest. Source: LGMA  

Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
There were no amendments this month.

Miscellaneous News:

BC Lawyers Worried about Exclusion from New Civil Resolution Tribunal
As British Columbia prepares for the fall 2014 startup of Canada’s first civil resolution tribunal geared towards self-represented litigants and the use of technology to settle strata or small-claims disputes, there’s growing concern among lawyers about whether the individual’s legal rights may be fully represented. Newly elected Canadian Bar Association BC branch president Dean Crawford says the Civil Resolution Tribunal Act restricts the ability of lawyers to go before the tribunal to represent clients unless they have permission. The act’s s. 20 allows for a lawyer acting for a child or person with impaired capacity or where the other party has permission to be represented by counsel. Crawford says he believes the self-litigant tribunal is premised on the idea that it will speed up the dispute process. A BC government press release reflects that notion: “Resolving a dispute through the tribunal is expected to take about 60 days, compared to 12 to 18 months for Small Claims Court.” Crawford says the exclusion of lawyers may have the reverse effect as they often act as a sounding board for the validity of a complaint or they can mediate a solution. “Their exclusion could bring more cases to the tribunal and prolong proceedings,” he says, adding that self-represented litigants haven’t shown they expedite the judicial system. Read the full article by Jean Sorensen and posted on the Canadian Lawyer Magazine blog Legal Feeds. 

Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
There were no amendments this month.
Motor Vehicle and Traffic News:

BC Drivers have One-in-Five Chance of Getting Roadside Ban Overturned
British Columbia has one of the country’s toughest drunk driving laws, but if drivers choose to challenge a roadside ban and the penalties and fines that come with it, they have at least a one-in-five chance of getting it tossed out. Last year, the government amended the impaired driving legislation that was introduced in 2010. The changes were aimed at bringing the law into compliance with a court ruling that concluded those accused of drunk driving had their rights violated due to their inability to challenge roadside screening tests, and to the lack of a proper appeal mechanism. The Office of the Superintendent of Motor Vehicles says in the year since the amendments, about 22 per cent of the 2,708 drivers who challenged an immediate roadside prohibition got it overturned. A total of 18,888 driving bans were issued in that time period. Read Vancouver Sun article

CVSE Circular - Amended National Safety Code (NSC) 10 Cargo Securement Standard
National Safety Code (NSC) 10 standard on cargo securement was amended by the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) and approved by all provinces and territories. These amendments are effective January 1, 2014 and include the following amendments:

  • Interpretation Section – Definitions: Light Vehicle
  • Division 2 – General Performance Criteria: Friction Mats
  • Division 3 – Metal Coils: Rows of Metal Coils with Eyes Crosswise
  • Division 6 – Intermodal Containers
View Circular

BC Apology Act Keeps Roadside Admission Out of Evidence
Section 2 of BC’s Apology Act holds that an apology “does not constitute an express or implied admission of fault or liability by the person in connection with that matter,” and that it “must not be taken into account in any determination of fault or liability in connection with that matter.” Although this law has existed for several years, it has received little judicial attention. Reasons for judgment were released this week by the BC Supreme Court, Vancouver Registry, relying on this statute. In this week’s case (Dupre v. Patterson), the parties were involved in a bike/vehicle collision. Fault was disputed. After the collision the cyclist apparently apologized to the motorist. View full article by Erik Magraken on his BC Injury Law Blog. 
Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
There were no amendments this month.

Property and Real Estate News:

Condominium Conflict Resolution: Recognizing the Role of Culture
There is a trend in strata corporations to adopt increasingly detailed rules to govern how residents live and interact. One could say that if everyone used “common sense”, there would be no need for any rules at all. The problem, in my view, is not an absence of “common sense”. Rather the problem is that what one person may view as “common sense” is not shared amongst all people (often not even amongst a few). In the condominium context, some people feel it makes “common sense” to grow tomato plants and hang laundry on balconies, while others maintain that it only makes “common sense” that an exterior uniform appearance is essential. Some people feel it makes “common sense” to prohibit pets from residing in the building, while others maintain that their pets should be allowed to “do their business” on the balcony to the detriment of anyone or any plants on the balcony below! For others still, rules are only considered at all, if they get caught breaking them. Read the full article by Richard A. Elia published in the VIOSA August bulletin. 

BC Condo Owners Want Better Municipal Oversight of Temporary Occupancy Permits
Issue could affect resale of thousands of Lower Mainland units
A BC condo owners association will petition municipalities to adopt a new measure to ensure owners don’t get caught with incomplete occupancy permits that can undermine their ability to sell. The change is a simple one: it would require municipalities to notify strata corporations within the first year of occupancy whether the permit is complete, says Tony Gioventu, executive director of the Condo Home Owners Association of BC. If the requirements under the permit have not been met, a strata corporation will have an opportunity to file legal action while developer bonding is still in place. That will ensure there is money that can be used to complete work needed to get the occupancy permit, said Gioventu. Read Vancouver Sun article

BC Court of Appeal Clarifies the Law on Deposits in British Columbia Real Estate Contracts
The BC Court of Appeal recently resolved a conflict between two of its previous decisions, clarifying the effect of a standard provision in real estate contracts that many of the Province’s real estate professionals may take for granted. The issue is whether a seller has the right to keep a deposit even if it suffers no damage as a result of a purchaser’s failure to complete, and the Court of Appeal’s recent uncertainty on this issue has caused confusion about many of the standard form real estate contracts currently in use in the Province. In the most recent decision, Tang v. Zhang, 2013, BCCA 52, the court was asked whether the Greater Vancouver Real Estate Board’s standard form Contract of Purchase and Sale gives a seller the unconditional right to keep a deposit when a buyer’s breach of contract has not caused the seller to suffer clear monetary losses. Specifically at issue was the “time of the essence” clause, which states that if the buyer fails to complete the purchase, the seller can terminate the contract, and the amount paid by the buyer as a deposit “will be absolutely forfeited to the seller... on account of damages, without prejudice to the seller’s other remedies.” Read the full Real Estate Law Bulletin posted on the Davis LLP website. 

Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
Interest Rate Regulation (200/2013) NEW
Aug. 28/13
see Reg 200/2013
Interest Rate Regulation (51/2013) REPEALED
Aug. 28/13
replaced by Reg 200/2013

Wills and Estates News:

BCSC Orders Executor to Make an Interim Distribution
In Reznik v. Matty, for the first time, the British Columbia Supreme Court ordered that an executor must make an interim distribution of estate funds (as opposed to gifts of real property). The Court also ordered costs of the proceeding against the executor personally. Three residuary beneficiaries of the estate of Phillip Matty (the “Estate”) asked the Court to compel the executor (who was also the fourth residuary beneficiary) to make an interim distribution. In reaching his decision to accede to the beneficiaries’ request, Funt J. emphasized the following facts:

  • the Estate had significant assets, including liquid assets;
  • the Estate had few anticipated future costs;
  • the administration of the Estate had been underway for over 10 years; and
  • one beneficiary had immediate need for the money to support his family.
These facts were critical to the decision. Of course, persuasive facts are not sufficient for a court to reach a decision. A court must have jurisdiction. Read full article by Gordon Behan with Clark Wilson LLP. 
Act or Regulation Affected Effective Date Amendment Information
There were no amendments this month.
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